Open Electives (VI Semester) for 2023

It can always be daunting to choose from an array of subjects, especially since the battle between the heart and the brain is always unresolved. Should I go for a laid-back OE and get one subject off my back? Or should I study that subject which will look shiny on the CV? How desperate is the need to improve my CGPA, or how much can I compromise with my grades? To make that choice slightly easier, here’s an article which covers the course content of the electives offered for the sixth semester, along with inputs from students.

Editors’ note—the information provided here will be updated as and when more of it becomes available.

AAE 4304: Introduction to Avionics and Navigation Systems

The course syllabus is said to be mostly easy, so you can score well with a minimal amount of studying. It involves an introduction to aircraft and flight mechanisms, dynamics of aircrafts, avionics, power systems and satellite communication. The professor is nice and lenient when it comes to attendance.

Course Summary: Introduction to aircraft, Introduction to flight mechanics and flight dynamics of aircraft & UAV, Introduction to Avionics in aircraft & spacecraft., Displays, HMI, I/O Devices and Power, Packaging, do 178B/C Software, ARINC and DOD Types, System Cooling, EMI/EMC Requirements; Aircraft Power Systems: Electrical Power Generation and Distribution Systems, Digital Communication, Digital Data Bus System, ARINC-429,629, AFDX, MIL-STD-1553, Fiber Optic Comm. Satellite Communication, Flight control laws, FBW, Autopilot, FMS, LRU, IMA & Mission Systems. Inertial Sensors and Inertial Navigation Systems, Multisensory Navigation Systems, Kalman filter basics & Mechanization. Elements of Navigation Systems, Satellite Navigation Systems, Antenna Design, Analysis and placement on aerospace vehicle, Aircraft circuit design on proteas, Radar & Landing Systems. 

BIO 5052: Introduction to Biofuels & Biopolymers

This course involves the synthesis of biofuels and biopolymers, renewable energy sources and their use in the present world, life cycle analysis of biofuels, and synthetic polymers. A lot of rote learning involved, but overall a chill OE.

Course Summary: Renewable energies and significance of biofuels, feedstocks for various biofuels, Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of biofuels, ethanol from fermentation and comparison of different technologies, diesel from Jatropha, waste cooking oils, and Microalgae, biogas and biological hydrogen, and basic concepts of microbial fuel cells; introduction to biopolymers, Biopolymers vs. Synthetic polymers; Synthesis of biopolymers such as Starch, Hemicellulose etc, Commercially available biopolymers, uses of biopolymers, Manufacturing technologies, Fillers & Reinforcement, Market & Economics, Biodegradability.

BME 4303: Rehabilitation Engineering

A relatively new course, it consists of application-oriented engineering sciences. A lot of conceptual learning is required. The faculty does an okayish job and gives good notes. Not a very useful subject overall.

Course Summary: Introduction to rehabilitation engineering and assistive technology: principles, engineering concepts in sensory rehabilitation, motor rehabilitation and communication disorders. Orthopaedic prosthetics & orthosis in rehabilitation technology: fundamentals of design of upper and lower extremity prosthetic and orthotic devices, applications. Mobility aids for the blind, discussion of design and function of robotic aids, wheelchairs. Sensory augmentation & substitution: visual, auditory and tactile sensory augmentation & substitution. Conversion aids for non-vocal physically impaired persons: characteristics and design considerations for conversion aids, biofeedback in communicative disorders, artificial larynx. Principles and applications of electrical stimulation: artificial electrical stimulation of nerves and muscles, applications. Conceptual frameworks, education and quality assurance. 

BME 4305: Introduction to Nanotechnology and Characterization Techniques

This OE has not been offered before and is an elective handled by the Biomedical department.

Course Summary: Introduction nanotechnology: Nanomaterials- classifications, synthesis methods, nanostructured system by self-assembly, biomimetic and biomolecular recognition assembly, surface functionalization of nanoparticles, nanocomposites. Characterization tools for nanomaterials and Nano systems-structural and chemical characterization techniques. Properties of nanomaterials: – mechanical properties, optical properties, surface Plasmon resonance, quantum size effects, introduction to Nanoelectronics. Nanotechnology for drug delivery, nanotechnology for diagnosis, prognosis, and disease status: – biomedical imaging, biosensors and drug delivery. Therapeutic nanotechnology, nanotechnology for implant materials and tissue engineering, cosmetics, and nanotechnology safety concerns.

CHE 4302: Risk and Safety Management in Industries

This OE has not been offered before and is an elective handled by the Chemical Engineering department.

Course Summary: Safety in plants: Hazard analysis, damage minimisation, fires, fire extinguishers, handling, contamination removal, reduction methods, personal protective devices, Plant and personal safety. Pressure vessels, handling and transportation of liquids and gases under high pressure, explosive chemicals and handling. Safety administration, safety committee, safety education. First aid principles and methods, plant inspection. Engineering design for safety considerations. Hazards in workplaces, workers’ exposure to hazardous chemicals, threshold limit values of chemicals, engineering control of hazards and accidents due to fire and explosives and natural causes in different industries. Safety management, safety performance, motivation of employees, supervisors, managers and management, legal aspects of safety.

CHM 4302: Fundamentals of Industrial Catalytic Processes

This course is centred around the chemical industry. A brief study of the production of useful chemical products. It is a full-on theory subject and requires a lot of rote learning. Involves memorising numerous chemical equations, and reaction products. If you’re into chemical engineering, this course would be a walk in the park, and useful at the same time.

Course Summary: Adsorption & Catalysis: Physisorption and chemisorption, Adsorption isotherms, Factors influencing adsorption, Adsorption of gases by solids, Adsorption from solution, Introduction to catalysis, Energetics, Catalytic cycles Solutions & Solubility: Ideal and non-ideal solutions, Raoult’s law, Thermodynamics of ideal solutions, Vapor pressure and boiling point composition curves, Distillation behaviour of completely miscible & immiscible liquid systems, Azeotropes Colligative Properties: Determination of molar masses from vapor pressure lowering, Osmotic pressure, Boiling point elevation and Depression of freezing point, Vant Hoff’s factor Colloids: Types, Preparation and purification of sols, General properties, Optical, Electrical & Kinetic properties of sols, stability of sols, Application of colloids, Emulsions & Gels- Types, Preparation, Properties and their applications.

CHM 4303: Sustainable Chemical Processes and Products

A study that delves into alternative processes to promote sustainable living conditions, this is another new course which highlights the importance of growing awareness in balancing social and environmental objectives at the industrial as well as individual levels. Relatively easy courses warrant higher cut-offs.

Course Summary: Introduction and principles of green chemistry, Examples, Atom economy, carbon efficiency, life cycle analysis, sustainable products, process and synthesis catalysis and green chemistry, examples of fine and bulk chemicals production, catalysts for clean technology. Application of the eco-friendly approach to waste treatment. Cleaner production processes, clean synthesis on a lab scale, industrial examples, and use of eco-friendly energies. Bio-pesticides, polymers & pharmaceutical products. Electrochemical synthesis, Alternate reaction media using water and other green solvents, ionic liquids & supercritical fluids; phase transfer catalysis

CIE 4302: Contract Management for Engineers

Contract Management deals with how to make a contract right up to how you can follow up on it till the deal is set. It’s a pretty theoretical subject, dealing mostly with bidding, tendering and so on. Since it is offered by the Department of Civil Engineering, it revolves around contracts made in that very discipline. However, much of it is relatable to the real world as well.

Course Summary: Introduction to contracts, Types of contracts, Tendering process, Dispute resolution, Conciliation, International contracts or contracts with international funding: International Competitive Bidding, Domestic Preference, FIDIC Documents, Conditions, Currency of Bid and Payment, Escalation in Foreign Currency, Financing of projects, Applicable Law and Settlement of Disputes, International Arbitration.

CIE 4303: Environmental Management

This is one course which seems to be laid-back but is the exact opposite. There is a lot of rote learning involved. The professor is pretty good at the subject, so opt for this only if you’re really interested.

Course Summary: Overview of the state of the global environment, the earth’s natural systems, sustainability and sustainable development, environmental management system (EMS), Environmental Ethics, Laws, International Environmental Legislation, Life Cycle Assessment Components of LCA, ISO 14000 series, Auditing, Environmental Economics and environmental design-application.

CSE 4304: Principles of Database Systems

This course requires you to have some prior knowledge of scripting languages, so only opt for it if you’re already familiar with the basic tenets of programming. It teaches you how to create and manage the database of any organization, how to store a huge amount of database years and how to query the results as per the needs of clients. Useful for non-CSE students as every field in the world today has tons of data, and it helps if you have prior knowledge of how to handle that data. The professor is helpful, but scoring is a problem. However, the subject is not that tough, it is quite interesting.

Course Summary: Database-System Applications, Purpose of Database Systems, View of Data, Database Languages, Relational Databases, Database Design, Data Storage and Querying, Transaction Management, Database Architecture, Database Users and Administrators, Structure of Relational Databases, Overview of the Design Process, The Entity-Relationship Model, Constraints, Removing Redundant Attributes in Entity Sets, Entity- Relationship Diagrams, Reduction to Relational Schemas, Entity- Relationship Design Issues, SQL Data Definition, SQL Data Types and Schemas, Integrity Constraints, Basic Structure of SQL Queries, Set Operations, Aggregate Functions, Nested Subqueries, Additional Basic Operations, Null Values, Modification of the Database, Features of Good Relational Design, Atomic Domains and First Normal Form,
Decomposition Using Functional Dependencies, Functional Dependency Theory, Algorithms for Decomposition, Decomposition Using Multivalued Dependencies, RAID, File Organization, Basic Concepts, Ordered Indices, Transaction Concept, A simple Transaction model, Transaction Atomicity and Durability, Transaction Isolation, Serializability, Lock-Based Protocols, Recovery and Atomicity.

CSE 4311: iOS Mobile Application

This OE has not been offered before and is an elective handled by the Computer Science department.

CSE 4310: Web Programming

Course Summary: Introduction to HTML5 and CSS3, Markup, HTML5 Style, More HTML5 Semantics, HTML5 Forms, HTML5 Audio and Video. Introducing CSS3, CSS3 Gradients and Multiple, CSS3 Transforms and Transitions, Embedded Fonts and Multicolumn Layouts. Introduction to JavaScript, The Grammar of JavaScript, Adding Logic and Control to Your Programs. Introduction to jQuery, Action/Reaction: Making Pages Come Alive with Events, Animations and Effects, Common jQuery Tasks, Enhancing WebForms.

ECE 4304: Introduction to Communication Systems

Course Summary:  Model of communication systems and types of electronic communication. Telephone system, signalling tones, DTMF. Optical fibres, numerical aperture. Attenuation and dispersion, optical sources and detectors. Principles of satellite orbits and positioning, Earth station technology, multiple access techniques, and Application of satellites. Frequency reuse, cell splitting, sectoring, macro cell and microcell, Architecture of GSM systems. Pulse radar, duplexer, MTI Radar. Wireless LAN, PAN, BlueTooth, ZigBee, RFID and NFC.

ECE 4306: MEMS Technology

This course only barely brushes the basics of MEMS technology. The faculty is nice and lenient. Overall, one of the better electrical electives.

Course Summary: Historical background of MEMS. Bulk micromachining, MEMS transduction and actuation techniques, Micro sensing for MEMS, Basic Bio-MEMS fabrication technologies. RF MEMS, Microfluidic devices and components for Bio-MEMS, sensing technologies for Bio-MEMS,
Applications. Introduction to MEMS simulation tool.

ELE 4301: Energy Auditing

Course Summary: Energy Types, Needs, Scenario, Energy Security, Environmental Impact,
Energy Reforms, Material & Energy Balance, Consumption Pattern, Sankey Diagram, Energy Policy, Information Systems, Energy Conservation Act 2001, Electricity Act 2003, Energy Reforms, National Action Plan for Climate Change (NAPCC), Standards & Labels, Energy Audit Purpose & Scope, Types of Energy Audit & Methodologies, Audit Instruments, Energy Management principles, Benchmarking and Strategies, Performance assessment of Electrical utilities, Performance Assessment of Thermal Utilities, Energy Economic Analysis, Role of ESCOs.

ELE 4305: Energy Conversion Technologies

This OE is an elective handled by the Electrical and Electronics Engineering department. Information on it will be updated as it is made available.

HUM 3306: Introduction to Philosophy, Religion and Culture

This course will be taught by Dr Tungesh GM. Pretty laid back in terms of attendance, he’s one of those professors who’s really passionate about what he teaches and makes you appreciate the subject as well. If you’re looking for a subject which is easy to score in, this one’s for you. Not very useful for the CV.

Course Summary: Notions of Philosophy; The Origin and Development of Philosophy; Ancient Philosophy; Medieval Philosophy; Modern Philosophy; Contemporary Philosophy; Indian Philosophy; Comparative Religion; Western Philosophy; The Relevance of Philosophy; Branches of Philosophy; Methods of Philosophy; Philosophy and other Branches of Study; Some Problems of Philosophy; Themes of Philosophy; Mind and Body, and the Problem of Universal; Change/Movement time and place; Existence of God and Evolution; Indian Culture; Social Ethics; Logic and Scientific Methods; Philosophy of Language.

HUM 3307: Creative Writing

The faculty is reputed in the humanities department. However, he has a strict attitude and you can obtain a decent score in this subject. Attendance is not an issue as classes often get cancelled. It is better to take this only if you have a knack for writing as there are essay assignments.

Course Summary: Various literary/prose forms and their characteristics; techniques and strategies for reading; nuances of language and meaning in reading and writing; Writing Exercises – techniques and strategies of writing creatively; Critical Concepts and Terms in Literary Writing; Writing Exercises; creative writing output.

HUM 4302: Film Studies

This course is considered to be quite easygoing. The method of delivery includes interactive elements like group projects and presentations as assignments, which make the classes fun to attend! Furthermore, getting through the semester exams is quite simple. If you’re looking for a subject that’s easy to score in, this one’s for you!

Course summary: History of invention of motion pictures – Daguerre, Muybridge, Edison, Skaldanowsky Brothers, Lumieres; Evolution of film – Lumieres, Melies, Porter, Griffith, Basic techniques – Mise-en-scene, Mise-en-shot, Deepfocus Photography, Longtake, Continuity, Editing, Montage, German Expressionism; French Impressionism; Soviet Montage cinema; Hollywood cinema, Italian Neo-realism; French Nouvelle Vague, Documentary, Directors – Eisenstein, Kurosawa, Godard, Chaplin, Bergman; Mohsen Makmalbakf, Majid Majidi, Keislowski, Zhang Yimou, Kim Ki Duk, “New Wave” Cinema in India – Bengali; Malayalam; Kannada; Hindi, To be screened- Bicycle Thieves, The 400 blows, Rashomon, Wild strawberries, Battleship Potemkin, Cabinet of Dr.Caligari, The kid, Children of heaven, Hero, Ghatashraddha, PatherPanchali, Mathilukal.

ICT 4306: Cyber Security

The professor was super nice, didn’t care much about attendance and graded us leniently. It is a very easy subject, more theory-based but you can easily score marks.

Course Summary: Introduction to Computer Security, Toolbox: Authentication, Access Control and Cryptography, Programming Insights- Non-malicious programs, Malicious Programs, Viruses, Worms, Trojans, Countermeasures, Hacking- Basics of hacking, Phishing, Brute Force Attack, Denial of Service, Distributed Denial of Service Attacks, Penetration Testing, Bots and Botnets, Attacks on The Web, Operating Systems and Networks, Security Countermeasures- Browser Encryption, Onion Routing, IP Security Protocol Suite (IPsec), Virtual Private Networks, Firewalls, Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems, Network Management, Incidents, Ethics, Case Studies on Cyber Crime and Cyber Terrorism.

ICT 4307: Game Theory and Applications

Course Summary: Introduction to Game Theory and Mechanism Design, Mathematical
Preliminaries, Non-Cooperative Game Theory, Cooperative Game
Theory, Mechanism Design.

IIE 4307: Yoga

Offered by the Centre for Integrative Medicine and Research, this OE isn’t just a Yoga class but delves into the history behind and the misconceptions about yoga. 

Course Summary: Aim, Objectives, Meanings and Definitions of Yoga, History of Yoga, Concepts and misconceptions of Yoga, Schools of Yoga, Ashtanga Yoga

IIE 4310: Medical Emergency and First Aid

This course is about developing proficiency in medical emergencies and knowing all about how to provide First Aid to victims in emergency situations. It is a mandatory course if you work in any core technical sector, so definitely comes in handy later on. It talks about different emergencies in varied fields. The evaluation pattern involves two sessionals of 15 marks each (sessionals will have 5 MCQs and 5 Short notes) and one assignment of 20 marks along with a regular end semester of 50 marks. Offered by the College of Nursing, the course is both chilled out, and useful in the long run!

Course Summary: Principles of First Aid, First aid kit and equipment, emergency drugs, scene assessment, safety and identifying hazards, patient assessment, Basic Life Support and AED, triage, extrication/stretchers, ambulance. Describe the causes, signs and symptoms and management of respiratory emergencies, acute gastro-intestinal emergencies, musculoskeletal emergencies, dental, ENT and eye emergencies, renal emergencies, nervous system emergencies, haematological emergencies, endocrine emergencies, toxicological emergencies, environmental emergencies, pediatric emergencies, psychiatric emergencies, obstetrical emergencies

IIE 4315: Reporting and Writing

This OE is taught by the School of Communication.

Course Summary: Introduction to news writing news in different media, news, the definition of news, news values, types of news other theoretical issues relating to news writing. News Reporting Basic of news writing: structure of news reports; writing the lead; the changes in the composition of the lead; techniques of news gathering; sources of news. Reporting various types of reporting (Objective, Interpretative, Investigative,) General assignment reporting/working on a beat. Reporting for a news agency, periodicals and magazines. Interviewing: doing the research, conducting the interview, types and formats of interviews, writing interviews

IIE 4316: Introduction to Advertising & Public Relations

This OE is taught by the School of Communication.

Course Summary: Introduction to advertising; Evolution and history of advertising; Influence of advertising on society and ethics. Advertising as part of the marketing mix; Structure and types of ad agencies; Advertising planning; creative strategy and implementation (media strategy). The essentials of advertising on different media platforms – print, broadcast, internet and new media; discuss the difference in planning and execution using examples or campaign case studies. Public Relations-scope; definition; evolution; establish the difference between PR and advertising; Identifying stakeholders and various Public Relations tools. Steps in developing a PR program/campaign-stating the problem, planning and programming, action and evaluation; Crisis communication; Ethical issues in Public Relations.

IIE 4318: Media Production Techniques

An elective for every engineer that wishes they’d been a media student instead. Offered by the Manipal Institute of Communication, Media Production Techniques covers everything a media student should know, right from Radio to Television, Design elements to Photography. 

Course Summary: Print design elements–typography, colours, spacing, pictures, logos, graphics, principles of layout and design, and basic writing skills.Photography—SLR camera, Lenses, Apertures and Shutter speeds, Exposure, Understanding light, Filters and accessorising, composing a picture, developing and printing, creating special effects. Digital photography—digital camera, digital technology and its future. Television—Introduction to AV Media-pre-production, production, and postproduction. Show packaging—Camera characteristics, parts and functions; Mounting accessories and movements.Shot Types and Uses; Basic composition. Practical video recording process. Radio—Introduction to Radio-Microphone types, characteristics and uses; Cables and Connectors. Recording device—Types and Characters, Audio editing, Programme formats-news, drama, feature and PSA’s and Advertising.

IIE 4319: Graphic and Sketching

Not to be confused with Graphic Designing, Graphics and Sketching is offered by the Manipal Institute of Communication and is the perfect elective for anyone who wants to pick up sketching. It covers topics such as colours, still-life and human anatomy.

Course Summary: Basic Art Principles: Element of Art & Design, Contour Drawing, Composition Principles, Pencil shading, creating geometry model and shading. Basic Perspective: Still life sketching & Drawing, Styles of shading, Introduction to colours, colour still life painting, Layout Design, Creating concepts for Design. Skeleton System, Body Proportions, Upper Body, Lower Body, Back, Hands and Legs. Text: Human Anatomy by Victor Perard, Dynamic Anatomy by Burne Hogarth. Gesture Drawing Tips, Line of Action, Dynamic Poses, Body Weight and Gravity, Clothing. Text: Figure Drawing by Anthony Ryder.
List of Practicals:
10 Drawings of Human Anatomy Study In Pencil
50 Drawings of Gesture Drawing In Pencil
5 Contour Drawing
2 Still Life Pencil Shading
2 Colour Still Life
2 Layout Design

IIE 4321: Healthcare IT

This OE has not been offered previously. The information will be updated as it is made available.

MAT 5281: Applied Graph Theory

A course which encompasses the basics of graphs and relations. Apart from mathematics, this is a subject heavily used for modelling in the areas of computer sciences, biology, and social and information systems. The subject is purely theoretical peppered with derivations. Only opt if you wish to pursue research in the future. Cut-offs soar due to its ease.

Course Summary: Graphs and applications of the theorems by Havel and Hakimi, Erdos and Gallai. Cut points, bridges and blocks, block graphs and cut point graphs. Trees and their characterizations, centre and centroids, block cut points trees, spanning trees, independent cycles and cocycles, connectivity and line connectivity, Whitney’s theorem. TraversabilityEulerian, Hamiltonian, line graphs and total graphs. Traversability, coverings and independence, theorem of Gallai, critical points and lines. Planarity, genus, thickness, crossing number. Colourability, chromatic number and its bounds, Nordhaus Gaddum theorems, the four and five colour theorems, chromatic polynomial. Matrix Representation -Incident matrix, Adjacency matrix, cycle matrix, cutset matrix, path matrix, Digraphs, Matrix – tree theorem on a number of spanning trees. Tournament. Graph theoretic Algorithms: Computer representation of graphs-Input and output, Algorithms for connectedness, Spanning Tree, Fundamental Circuits, Directed Circuits and Shortest paths.

MAT 5402: Applied Linear Algebra

Course Summary: Finite dimensional vector spaces, subspaces, linear independence, bases and dimension. Sum and intersection of subspaces. Algebra of linear transformations, range and null space of a linear transformation. Inner-product spaces, metric spaces and Banach spaces, Gram Schmidt orthogonalization, linear operators and their adjoint, self-adjoint, unitary and normal transformations, polar decomposition. Matrix algebra, simultaneous equations, Eigen values, characteristic vectors, Cayley Hamilton theorem, minimal polynomial, Application of eigen-values to solve simultaneous difference and differential equations. Quadratic forms and their classification constrained optimization. Some computational methods of linear algebra.

MAT 5284: Mathematical Modelling

This course deals with the characteristics and classification of different mathematical models, by using first-order algebra, differential equations and linear programming. The course content is satisfactorily good, and it helps to solve real-world problems to do well in this subject. Questions like the probability of who will win a battle or how to maximize the profit of a farm using a lot of assumptions are common examples. The professor doesn’t make the subject as cool or interesting as it sounds and his poor communication skills don’t help much either. Marking is lenient, and overall the subject is easy, so the cutoff is generally high for an A+. Attendance is not that chill, you need to attend classes and have that 75% to be safe later on.

Course Summary: Introduction, Techniques, classification and characteristics of mathematical models, mathematical modelling through algebra, ordinary differential equations of the first order. Mathematical modelling through systems of ordinary differential equations of the first order, Prey- Predator model Mathematical modelling through systems of ordinary differential equations, modelling in medicine A model for diabetic Mellitus. Modelling on population dynamics Mathematical modelling through differential equations. Some simple models. Modelling of economics and finance through difference equations, population dynamics and generation of models through difference equations, modelling in probability theory, examples. Optimization models: Mathematical modelling through linear programming. Mathematical modelling through graphs: elements of graphs, digraphs. Mathematical models for blood flow. Mathematical model for Peristaltic transport of two-layered.

MAT 5285: Optimization Techniques

A course completely based on algebraic mathematics. This is a huge boost for your CV as it vouches for your logic and problem-solving abilities. Scoring is easy only if you listen in class. The professor has an excellent command of the subject.

Course Summary: Formulation, Linear programming-simplex method, Penalty coase methods, 2-phase method. Dual Simplex method. Duality theory.Transportation problem-Volgel’s approximation method, MODI method, Assignment problem-Hungarian method.Project Management – Networks, Project planning and control using PERT and CPM. Project crashing. Game theory – 2 persons zero-sum games, Minimax principle, games with mixed strategies. Dominance theory, solution using Linear programming.

MAT 5286: Stochastic Processes and Reliability

It deals with static and dynamic probabilities, the classification of different states, and the different processes and distributions associated with them. It also gives a brief overview of Reliability Theory and the Laws of Failure.

Course Summary: Static probabilities: Review and prerequisites generating functions, difference equations.Dynamic probability: definition and description with examples. Markov chains, transition probabilities, Chapmen Kolmogrov equations. Classification of states, chains of Markov process. Stability of Markov systems, limiting behaviour, random walk. Poisson Processes : assumptions and derivations, related distributions, birth and death processes. Queueing System, general concepts, Model M/M/1 and M/M/S, steady state behaviour, transient behaviour. Wiener processes and Gaussian processes. Differential equations of a wiener process, Kolmogrov equations, Ornstein – Unlenbeck Process. White note. Reliability Theory : Definition of Reliability, types of failure, Hazard rate, Laws of failure – normal, exponential & Weibull failure laws – System reliability – in series, in parallel series – parallel system, Paralled – series system & related problems.

MAT 5282: Applied Linear Algebra

One of the easier maths-based electives. The course mostly deals with matrices, but a prior knowledge of maths is helpful. The previous professor was easygoing, and scoring is also quite easy.

Course Summary: Finite dimensional vector spaces, subspaces, linear independence, basis and dimension. Sum and intersection of subspaces. Algebra of linear transformations, range and null space of a linear transformation, Inner-product spaces, metric spaces and banach spaces, Gram Schmidt orthogonalization, linear operators and their adjoint, self adjoint, unitary and normal transformations, polar decomposition. Matrix algebra, simultaneous equations, Eigen values, characteristic vectors, CayleyHamilton theorem, minimal polynomial, Application of eigen values to solve simultaneous difference and differential equations. Quadratic forms and their classification, constrained optimization. Some computational methods of linear algebra.

MCA 4303: Introduction to Linux and Shell Scripting

A highly recommended elective. If you’re interested in working with different operating systems, you will not regret taking this. The professor is adept, and it’s easy to score too. She’s stern in her ways, which basically means you can’t bunk too many classes. The environment is relaxed, and last-minute studying can get one an average of 10-12 marks in sessionals. It is a scoring subject, that gives one an increased knowledge of the Linux environment. Calls for knowledge of basic programming. An advantageous tool in anyone’s arsenal.

The difference between the Linux course offered by the CSE department, and this one is that the CSE one majorly deals with theory with very little coding, and they use bash scripts. The MCA one is completely coding-based and involves little theory.

Course Summary: Introduction to UNIX/LINUX Operating System: OS concepts, Linux overview, key features of Linux, pros and cons of Linux. Processes: Processes and Files, I/O redirection and pipes, process creation, process attributes standard process file descriptors. File and Process commands. File systems: Files and directories, file naming and wildcards, file attributes, file permissions. Regular Expressions & filters: find, grep, cut, sort, grep patterns. AWK and SED. Shell and Shell Scripting: The need for shell, types of shells, interactive uses of shell, using shell for creating user commands, functions. Bash shell features: Statements, data structure, built-in commands, environment customization primitives. Linux Editors.

MCA 4304: Introduction to Data Analytics

In this course, the basics of Data Analytics are taught using various relevant case studies and hands-on exercises using tools such as WEKA and R. This is an elective only open to non-computer students. No prior coding experience is required for it. Taught by Ms Rohini of the MCA department, this elective is no child’s play. However, if you’re regular to class, it promises not to be tough. Most of the problems of Data Analytics are business oriented, so it is relatable. One can also proceed to write a research paper on data analytics and get a recommendation as well as the required assistance from the professor. Helpful during placements if you wish to target specific data analytics firms, and definitely adds to your profile.

Course Summary: Introduction – data science, need for analytics, steps in data analysis projects, Data- sources of data, data sets, data warehouses, data types, privacy and confidentiality, samples vs. population. Data summarization and visualization – tables and graphs. Data Preprocessing- cleaning, transformation, dimensionality reduction. Data Analysis and Visualization – descriptive, inferential statistics, uni-variate and multivariate analysis. Grouping – Cluster Analysis- distance measures, partitioning, hierarchical, density based methods. Market Basket Analysis, Association Analysis, Market Basket Analysis. ClassifiersBayesian, k-nearest neighbor, neural network, Support Vector Machine, Decision Trees. Prediction- Regression models, Evaluating Classification and Predictive performance, ensemble methods. Anomaly Detection. Forecasting models

MED 4304: Publishing Science

A pretty chill subject and doesn’t need much effort since it’s all common sense. The professor is super interactive and would call out attendance from excel randomly every class, so you need to pay attention during the online lecture.

Course Summary: Introduction, different methods of publishing, departments in a publishing house, duties and responsibilities of a publisher, and job roles in a publishing company. Different media of publishing, electronic media versus print media, case study, editing, significance, techniques and functions. editing tools and symbols, editing magazines and newspapers – page makeup, design and layout, editing online, editing radio and television programs. news publication, news values, writing, the structure of a news report, types of news leads, writing leads, choosing news, attribution and verification, balance and fairness, and news sources. content for media, writing for print – different styles of reporting, editorials and features. writing for radio, television and audio-visual media (CD, DVD, Web), advertising, promotional writing – advertising copywriting, corporate writing – newsletters, online writing—website content specialized reporting, science and technology reporting, environment, recent advances and future trends in publishing.

MME 4303: Internal Combustion Engines

Course Summary: Introduction to IC engine, Analysis of air standard cycles, fuel-air cycles and actual cycles. Modes of combustion, Stages of combustion in SI &  CI engines, factors influencing the stages of combustion, normal and abnormal combustion, Control of abnormal combustion in SI and CI engines. Combustion chambers in SI and CI engines. Supercharging & Turbo-charging, Analysis of Modern developments in IC engines like Wankel engine, Electronic injection systems in SI engines. Common Rail Direct Injection (CRDI) engines, Multi-point fuel injection. (MPFI) engines, dual-fuel engines and stratified charge engines. Introduction to engine Electronics, typical engine management systems, position, displacement and speed sensing, pressure, temperature and air measurement systems, and exhaust oxygen sensors.

MME 4305: Introduction to Operations Research

Operations Research is a subject that will provide you with a useful skill in any walk of life you care to tread on in the future. With its roots in World War 2, Operations Research was originally created to provide for the most optimal bombing patterns, but as time went on, its other applications became apparent to the public, and it became a household name among scientists and optimization enthusiasts alike.

Operations Research in Manipal is taught by a brilliant faculty member who has been teaching at MIT for 51 years, and it’s his enthusiasm that drives the subject and makes it as interesting as it is. Every hour spent in those classes will be worth it. The classes themselves are insanely well structured and organized, with a worksheet provided for every important lecture. If logic is something you find easy, Operations Research bodes well for you.

Course Summary: Introduction- Definition, Phases, Applications, Advantages and Limitations of Operations Research. Linear programming problems- Assumptions, Formulation of LPP, Graphical solutions, Simplex algorithm, Special cases. Concept of dual, Sensitivity analysis with
respect to objective function coefficients and R.H.S. values. Transportation problem—Formulation, Testing the optimality. Assignment problem – Solution algorithm for Assignment Problem. Travelling salesman – Solution algorithm for Travelling Salesman Problem, Application to job sequencing problem Game theory- Introduction to game theory, Two-person-zero sum games, Pure and Mixed Strategies, Solution methods. Network Analysis- General framework, Introduction to elements of the network, conventions adopted in drawing network, analyzing the network. Calculating event and Activity times, Critical path, Determination of project duration, and Project Crashing. Applications and Limitations of CPM.Project evaluation and review technique,
Simulation:-Monte- Carlo technique, Problems involving Waiting line situations and Selection of crew members etc.

MME 4306: Introduction to Quality Control

This subject talks about quality control and the different ways you can undertake successful control over quality in firms. Talks about risks involved with quality control as well and is quite useful when it comes to the quality definition in any field. Hence, a useful subject for all branches, but much information is not available regarding how easy it is to score, or how good the faculty is.

Course Summary: Definitions of the term quality, Patterns of variation, Causes of variation Frequency distribution, Measures of central tendency and dispersion, The Normal distribution curve, Inequality theorems, Shewhart’s bowl drawing experiments, Control charts for variables (X , R and s charts), Type I and Type II Errors, Process capability analysis, Process capability
indexes, Control charts for attributes (p ,np, c and u charts), Acceptance sampling by attributes, Single and Double sampling plans, Operating characteristic curve, Acceptable quality level, Lot tolerance percent defective, Average outgoing quality, Average total Inspection, Average
fraction inspected, Producers risk, Consumers risk, Acceptance sampling tables, Conventional and Statistical tolerancing, Precision, Accuracy and Reproducibility of method of measurements, Quality costs.

MTE 4302: Electric Vehicle Technology

Course Summary: Vehicle dynamics-vehicle resistance, dynamic equation, tire ground adhesion, maximum tractive effort, vehicle speed, transmission characteristics, vehicle performance, hybrid and electric drive trains-configurations of electric vehicles, traction motor characteristics, basic concept of hybrid traction, hybrid drive train architecture – series, parallel torque and speed coupling, electric propulsion unit, different motors, configuration and control of dc motor drives, introduction to power modulators, control and regenerative breaking, classification of different energy management strategies, fundamentals of regenerative braking, sizing the drive system- propulsion motor, sizing the power electronics, selecting the energy storage technology, communications, supporting subsystems, design of series hybrid drive train.

MTE 4303: Hydraulics and Pneumatics Systems

This OE has not been offered previously. It is taught by the Mechatronics department.

Course Summary: Pneumatic systems, structure and signal flow, compressors, actuators and control valves, single acting and double acting cylinders, manual pneumatics, single and multiple actuators, limit switches, proximity sensors, electro pneumatics and design of electro-pneumatic circuits, direction control valves, relay control systems, timers, counters, pressure control valves, closed loop pneumatics and Flow control valves. Hydraulic systems, physical principles of oil hydraulics, hydraulic actuators, valves and accessories, hydraulic power pack, types of hydraulic pumps, accumulators, Filters, hydraulic circuits, regenerative, meter in, meter out, bleed off, sequencing, pressure reducing circuits, electro-hydraulic circuits, proportional hydraulics and
servo hydraulics.

PHY 4303: Radiation Physics

This course deals with the different sources of radiation, and their detection through various instruments. It also deals with the study and measurement of their interactions with each other.

Course Summary: Radiation Sources: Fast electron sources-Heavy charged particle sources-Sources of electromagnetic radiation-Neutron sources. Radiation Interaction: Photoelectric and Compton process -pair production. Interaction of heavy charged particles-stopping power Energy loss characteristics- Bragg curve-Particle range-range straggling- stopping time-energy loss in thin absorbers-Interaction of fast electrons-absorption of beta particles-interaction of gamma rays gamma ray attenuation-Interaction of neutrons-neutron cross-section, neutron-induced nuclear reactions. Radiation Detectors and Instrumentation: Semiconductors diodes-JFET-MOSFET-Integrated Circuits-OPAMP and their characteristics-Differential AmplifierOperational amplifier systems-Pulse Amplifiers. Principles of radiation detection and measurements-Gas filled detectors-Ionisation chambers Proportional counters-GM counters-Scintillation detectors Semiconductor detectors-Thermo luminescent Dosimeters-Radiation spectroscopy with scintillators-Gamma spectroscopy-Multichannel pulse analyzer-Slow neutron detection methods-Reactor instrumentation. Industrial uses of nuclear measurements: Radiation detection in industrial environments-Measuring systems for industrial problems-Determination of physical material characteristics by nuclear measurements-Level height determination-Density measurements Quantity measurements-Thickness measurement-coating thickness measurement.

Compiled by Lasya Lakshmi, Prattusha Mukhopadhyay, Agnihotra Bhattacharya, and Nethraa Kannan for MTTN

Updated by Parva Mehrotra and Suhani Kabra for MTTN

Featured Image by Chirag Bansal for MTTN

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