Open Electives (V Semester) 2020


The course is relatively easier to comprehend—focusing on automative engines and concepts of thermodynamics. The topics talk about the current environmental issues faced by the automotive industry and its solutions—and hence would be suitable for industrial training.

Course Summary: Introduction- Historical background, Regulatory test procedures, Analysis of pollutants, Pollution from Spark Ignition engines, Pollution from Compression Ignition engines, Fuels for spark ignition and compression ignition engines, Engine Variants- Lean Burn engines, Stratified charge engines, Direct Injection in Gasoline engines, Instrumentation for pollution measurements- Non-Destructive Infrared analyzers, thermal conductivity and flame ionization detectors, analysers for NOx, gas chromatograph, Alternative Fuels- Hydrogen, Natural gas, Liquefied petroleum gas, vegetable oil and biodiesel, Biomass Energy, Direct Energy conversion methods- solar cells, thermo ionic converters.


There is no information regarding this OE. It will be updated as it is made available.


Offered by the Biomedical Engineering department, the course covers the concepts of Kinematics, aerodynamics, and hydrodynamics in the human body.

Taught by: Sheeba Davis

Course Summary: Basic terminology, Anatomical movement descriptors. Skeletal considerations for movement: Composition & Structure of bone, mechanical properties of bone, bone fracture & failure mechanics. Muscular considerations for movement: Skeletal muscle tissue properties, function and structure, Force generation in the muscle, Role of muscle, Force-velocity relationships in skeletal muscle, Joint flexibility. Fundamental concepts of gait. Linear Kinematics: kinematic parameters, projectile motion, linear Kinematics of walking and running. Angular Kinematics: types of Angles, lower extremity joint angles, angular motion relationships, relationship between linear and angular motion, angle-angle diagrams. Linear Kinetics: laws of motion, types of forces, representation of forces acting on a system. Angular Kinetics: Newton’s laws of motion (angular analogs), center of mass calculation, rotation and leverage, pulley system, analysis using Newton’s laws of motion. Application of Aerodynamics in Sports: aerodynamic drag force – effects of drag on the body and objects in sport- activities, aerodynamic lift force – lift force acting on shapes and surfaces, effects of lift on projected objects, the Magnus effect. Application of Hydrodynamics in Aquatics: buoyancy and floatation, floating ability of the human body, types of floaters, different floating positions of the human body, resistive & propulsive forces in swimming skills, Swimming efficiency and speed


The open elective focuses on a more application approach on engineering sciences and requires much conceptual learning. The subject is easy to score once you grasp the concepts.

Course Summary: Introduction to rehabilitation engineering and assistive technology: principles, engineering concepts in sensory rehabilitation, motor rehabilitation and communication disorders. Orthopedic prosthetics & orthosis in rehabilitation technology: fundamentals of design of upper and lower extremity prosthetic and orthotic devices, applications. Mobility aids: mobility aids for the blind, discussion of design and function of robotic aids, wheelchairs. Sensory augmentation & substitution: visual, auditory and tactile sensory augmentation & substitution. Conversion aids for non-vocal physically impaired persons: characteristics and design considerations for conversion aids, biofeedback in communicative disorders, artificial larynx. Principles and applications of electrical stimulation: artificial electrical stimulation of nerves and muscles, applications. Conceptual frameworks, education and quality assurance


The course offers a comprehensive study on the topics of mechanics of solids and fundamentals of stress and strain for various loadings.

Course Summary: Introduction, basics of Mechanics of Solids. Shear force diagram and bending moment diagram for statically determinate beams, Stresses due to bending, stresses due to shearing force. Slope and deflection of beams. Torsion, solid and hollow circular shafts, power transmitted by shafts. Variation of stress at a point, Bi-axial state of stress and strain. Stability of columns, Slenderness ratio, failure by buckling, Euler’s formula, Rankine’s empirical formula.


The course is very well-structured and offers an insight to the operating system. It teaches the fundamentals of Linux programming and is helpful for non-CS students who wish to gain experience working on the command line.

Taught by: Manamohana Krishna

Course Summary: Introduction to Linux, using the shell, shell variables and commands and creating a shell environment.  File system, understanding the basics, metacharacters and operators, understanding file permissions, pattern matching with examples and programs. Understanding the system administration, exploring administrative commands. Editing files with vim, vi editors.  sed and awk programming with command-line syntaxes. Managing running processes, managing foreground and background processes. Shell programming, understanding shell scripts and text manipulation programs. Source code management and git version control, basic Linux system administration. 


The course offers an insight into the different stages of developing software and deals with the various challenges faced and solutions to overcome it. 

Course Summary: The Problem Domain, The Software Engineering Challenges, The Software Engineering Approach. Software Process, Desired Characteristics of Software Process, Software Development process models. Software Requirements, Problem Analysis, Requirement Specifications, Functional Specification with Use Cases, Process Planning, Effort Estimation, Project Scheduling and Staffing, Software Configuration Management Plan. Design Principle, Module Level Concepts, Design Notations and Specifications, Structured Design Methodology. OO Analysis and OO Design, OO Concepts, Unified Modelling Language. Programming Principle and Guidelines, Coding Process, Testing Fundamentals, Black Box Testing, White Box Testing, Testing Process.


There is no information regarding this OE. It will be updated as it is made available.


The focus of this course is mechanical and manufacturing aspects which are usually ignored in product design. This will provide basic knowledge of the technologies required for the manufacturing of electronic products.

Course Summary: Product planning, creativity, product life cycle and reliability, aesthetics, ergonomics, control panel, product detailing and finishing. Thermal sources, heat calculations, heat transfer methods, heat sinks, cooling methods. Packaging technologies, ball grid arrays, flip chip, chip-scale packaging. First level, second level packages and third-level packages. Design of low noise circuits. Interfacing of analog and digital systems. PCB design. Sources of EMI, shielding of signal lines, ground loops, reduction techniques, reflections and cross talk in digital circuits.


This course provides an insight into the analysis and design of communication systems based o time and frequency domain analysis. It also shows its applications on optical fibre, satellites, and Bluetooth.

Course Summary: Model of communication systems and types of electronic communication. Telephone system, signalling tones, DTMF. Optical fibres, numerical aperture. Attenuation and dispersion, optical sources and detectors. Principles of satellite orbits and positioning, Earth station technology, multiple access techniques, Application of satellites. Frequency reuse, cell splitting, sectoring, the macro cell and microcell, Architecture of GSM systems. Pulse radar, duplexer, MTI Radar. Wireless LAN, PAN, Bluetooth, ZigBee, RFID and NFC.


This course offers electrical engineering behind the lighting systems to select a variety of components to achieve desired lighting effects.

Course Summary: Visible spectrum- psychophysics of vision-photometric quantities- laws of illumination-point by point method of illuminance calculations -Light sources- luminaires- principles of light control elements-light Intensity distribution diagram-evaluation of total flux-illuminance and visual performance- Lumen method calculations-principles and general requirements of interior & exterior lighting for different applications lighting Design Examples- Energy and cost-effectiveness of lighting schemes.


This course aims at teaching in installation, operation, and maintenance of photovoltaic cells and photovoltaic equipment.

Course Summary: Solar Radiation: Spectrum, Terminologies, Measurement, Estimation; Sun-Earth Movement & Angles, Sun Tracking, PN Junction Diode & Characteristics, Solar Cell, Photovoltage, Light Generated Current, I-V equation & Characteristics: Short Circuit Current, Open Circuit Voltage, Maximum Power Point, Fill Factor, Efficiency, Losses, Equivalent Circuit, Effect of Series & Shunt Resistance, Solar Radiation, Temperature on Efficiency, Solar PV Modules: Series & Parallel connection, Hotspots, Bypass & Blocking Diodes, Power Output, Ratings, I-V & Power Curve, Effect of Solar Irradiation & Temperature, Balance of System (BOS): Batteries: Classification, Capacity, Voltage, Depth of Discharge, Life Cycle, Factors affecting Battery Performance; Charge Controllers, DC to DC Converters, DC to AC converters, Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT).


This course offers an insight into film making and dives deeper into the studies of Indian Cinema. The course also teaches film analysis to critically engage in the production of films worldwide.

Course Summary: History of invention of motion pictures – Daguerre, Muybridge, Edison, SkaldanowskyBrothers, Lumieres; Evolution of film – Lumieres, Melies, Porter, Griffith, Basic techniques – Mise-en-scene, Mise-en-shot, Deepfocus Photography, Longtake, Continuity, Editing, Montage, German Expressionism; French Impressionism; Soviet Montage cinema; Hollywood cinema, Italian Neo-realism; French Nouvelle Vague, Documentary, Directors – Eisenstein, Kurosawa, Godard, Chaplin, Bergman; Mohsen Makmalbakf, Majid Majidi, Kieslowski, Zhang Yimou, Kim Ki Duk, “New Wave” Cinema in India – Bengali; Malayalam; Kannada; Hindi, To be screened- Bicycle Thieves, The 400 blows, Rashomon, Wild strawberries, Battleship Potemkin, Cabinet of Dr.Caligari, The kid, Children of heaven, Hero, Ghatashraddha, PatherPanchali, Mathilukal. 


The open elective offers instructions and practice to improve your speaking skills and help you deliver compelling speeches. It involves the teaching of body language and stage-fright management among many more skills.

Course Summary: Public Speaking -Introduction to Public speaking- Voice modulation, Sounds/accent (basics), Articulation, Anxiety management, Logical arguments, Concept of purpose, Audience, Smart use of Body language. Types of speech-Informative speeches – designing and delivery- Persuasive speeches – designing and delivery- Impromptu speeches – designing and delivery -Special occasion speeches- designing and delivery, Presentations – planning and execution -Types of presentation – Informative-Planning and delivery – Persuasive – Planning and delivery Motivational – Planning and delivery, Other forms of speaking – Debates, Seminars, Panel Discussion, Group Discussion, Tall Tales, Turn Coat, Art of Evaluation-Providing feedback- planning, designing and delivering constructive feedback – Receiving feedback – making use of relevant feedback -Techniques of providing feedback- Speech analysis –Role of the Evaluator


This course provides an exposure to the technology of industrial automation widely used in industries for manufacturing.

Course Summary: Evolution of PLC, PLC Vs PC, Architecture of PLC – I/O Modules, CPU, Program Memory, Process Image Tables, Bus System and Power Supply, Sequential Flow Chart technique for programming style, Programming a PLC, Timers & Counters, Special Instructions, Levels of Industrial control, Networking, Buts Networks, Protocols., SCADA & DCS, Profibus, Modbus, SMART devices.


Offered by the Instrumentation and Control Department, Smart Sensors is an elective that would teach you the theory of sensors as well as how to take input using sensors, process it and give an output.

Course Summary: Introduction, Signal conditioning, Separate versus integrated signal conditioning, Digital conversion, MCU control, MCUs for sensor interface, Techniques and Systems Considerations for MCUs, DSP control, Sensor integration, IEEE standards, Plug and play, Automated/ Remote sensing, Process control over the Internet, Other communication standards with case studies, Wireless zone sensing, Surface acoustical wave devices, Intelligent transportation system, RFID, RF MEMS basics, Varactors, Micro optics, Micro grippers, Microprobes, Micromirrors, FEDs, Data processing, Pattern recognition and classification, Centralized and decentralized system of the measurement chains, Practical examples of the intelligent sensors.


This is a math-intensive course taught in Python. With ML being the new buzz word in many industries, this is an OE you do not want to miss.

Course Summary: Introduction to Machine Learning, Mathematical Preliminaries, Supervised Learning-LMS, logistic regression, GDA, Naive Bayes, SVM, model selection, Learning theory-bias/variance trade-off, union and Chernoff bounds, VC dimensions, Unsupervised learning-clustering, K-means, Gaussian mixture, factor analysis, PCA, ICA, Machine Learning with Python.


This course focuses on the OSI Model and its implementation as TCP/IP Layers. It’s a very theory intensive course, with numericals usually being logical and short.

Taught by: Raghavendra Achar

Course Summary: Introduction to Networking and brief History of Internet, OSI and TCP/IP Reference Models, Network Layer, IP Addresses, Internet Protocol (IP) Datagram, Fragmentation, Options, Address Translation, ICMP and IGMP, Intra and Inter domain Routing, Distance Vector Routing, RIP, Link State Routing, OSPF, Path Vector Routing, BGP, User Datagram and Transmission Control Protocol, SCTP, Application Layer Protocols, The Web and HTTP, DNS: Services Provided by the DNS


This is the perfect elective for all art enthusiasts, or for anyone who has wished they could stare at a Van Gogh or Da Vinci and understand why these famous pieces are so loved. Offered by the Centre for Creative and Cultural Studies, this is an elective that will immerse you into the world of art – both Indian and International and help you develop an eye for it.

Course Summary: How to read a visual, how to enjoy or feel an art form, what is Creative Thinking? Indian Art: Heritage & Culture; Art Appreciation: Western Art, Artist & Art Movements: Raja Ravi Verma, Tagore, Da Vinci, Van Gogh; Aesthetics: Beauty, Feel & Expression; Art & Science; Art & Film; Art: Freedom & Society, to be an art literate. A journey to immerse in the world of Art.

IIE 4307: YOGA

Offered by the Centre for Integrative Medicine and Research, this OE isn’t just a Yoga class but delves into the history behind and the misconceptions about yoga. 

Course Summary: Aim, Objectives, Meanings and Definitions of Yoga, History of Yoga, Concepts and misconceptions of Yoga, Schools of Yoga, Ashtanga Yoga


An elective for every engineer that wishes they’d been a media student instead. Offered by Manipal Institute of Communication, Media Production Techniques covers everything a media students should know, right from Radio to Television, Design elements to Photography. 

Course Summary: Print design elements – typography, colours, spacing, pictures, logos, graphics, principles of layout and design – basic writing skills.
Photography – SLR camera, Lenses, Apertures and Shutter speeds, Exposure, Understanding light, Filters and accessorize, composing a picture, developing and printing, creating special effects.
Digital photography – digital camera – digital technology and its future.
Television – Introduction to AV Media-pre-production, production, postproduction. Show packaging-Camera-characteristics, parts and functions; Mounting accessories and movements.
Shots-Types and Uses; Basic composition. Practical video recording process.
Radio – Introduction to Radio-Microphone types, characteristics and uses; Cables and Connectors.
Recording device-Types and Characters, Audio editing, Programme formats-news, drama, feature and PSA’s and Advertising.


Not to be confused with Graphic Designing, Graphics and Sketching is offered by Manipal Institute of Communication and is the perfect elective for anyone who wants to pick up sketching. It covers topics such as colours, still-life and human anatomy.

Course Summary: Basic Art Principles: Element of Art & Design, Contour Drawing, Composition Principles, Pencil shading, creating geometry model and shading. Basic Perspective: Still life sketching & Drawing, Styles of shading, Introduction to colours, colour still life painting, Layout Design, Creating concepts for Design. Skeleton System, Body Proportions, Upper Body, Lower Body, Back, Hands and Legs. Text: Human Anatomy by Victor Perard, Dynamic Anatomy by Burne Hogarth. Gesture Drawing Tips, Line of Action, Dynamic Poses, Body Weight and Gravity, Clothing. Text: Figure Drawing by Anthony Ryder.
List of Practicals:
10 Drawings of Human Anatomy Study In Pencil
50 Drawings of Gesture Drawing In Pencil
5 Contour Drawing
2 Still Life Pencil Shading
2 Colour Still Life
2 Layout Design


The course offers an insight into the functions of the financial department in a business firm, as well as teaches accounting principles to prepare financial statements. This elective is ideal for those who want to learn various financing choices, investments, and funding alternatives.


Building on Maths I and II, Applied Numerical Methods is a mostly formula-based course that covers methods used in solving engineering problems and to predict data. It’s a high-scoring subject, and is thus highly competitive, but promises to be fun for those you enjoy math.

Course Summary: Matrix Algebra: Solution for linear system of equations – Direct methods: Gauss elimination method, Gauss Jordon method, Crouts (LU decomposition) method. Iterative methods, Jacobi Gauss Seidal and successive over relaxation methods. Computation of inverse of a matrix: Jordan method, Triangularization method, Choleski’s method, partition method. Eigen value & Eigen vectors: Given’s method for real symmetric matrices, Jocobi’s method for real symmetric matrices, Power method. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Single step methods, Runge- Kutta method, Adam Bashforth’s predictor corrector method, Milne’s predictor and corrector method. Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations: Finite difference approximation to derivatives of Parabolic, Elliptic. Explicit finite difference method, implicit method. 


Any system is about the “whole system “and its various parts. While the components have to function well, how they are built, integrated and work together define a successful outcome. Large Enterprise Data Systems are no different. This course enables you to go beyond the components and learn how to architect systems especially those handling large data and put you on the path to become a data architect.
The course will be taught via video conference on the weekends by Raghu Cavale Sir who has over 36 years of experience.

Taught by: Raghu Cavale

Course Summary: Enterprise Architecture- Overview, core elements, Structure of enterprises. Introduction to Enterprise Data Architecture (EDA). Developing an EDA- structured vs. unstructured data, analysis and planning approaches, data governance, security, privacy, value and risk, implementation methodology, components and artefacts, Developing Current Architect Views, Repository and Support Tools. Data Quality Management – Concepts and Implementation. Enterprise Data models – performance requirements and rendering, performance testing and monitoring; Disaster Recovery strategies, Fault Tolerance and Recovery, data-sharding, de-duplication in-memory computing, Effective Metadata modelling, design and management. Enterprise Architectural frameworks – Open-Source Frameworks, MEGAF, India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), IndiaStack, Praxeme. TOGAF framework – modular structure, content framework, extended guidance, architectural styles. Application architecture- Open source components, API and micro-services, building UX layer. Hardware for EDA- Data warehousing, Enterprise Big Data Storage Models, Cloud and edge-computing, Polyclouds and data interchange, Case studies. Mini project on creating an EDA for a specific enterprise using opensource technologies.


This is a course that focuses on graphics as a tool for communication, be it through commercials, magazines, booklets etc. With an emphasis on colour and layout, the course doesn’t just teach to graphic designing, but how to format your work based on the required demographic.

Course Summary: Good design, impact of a design on various target audience, role of graphic designer, elements of design, principles of design, language as a communication tool, legibility and readability. Newspaper -Effect of television and magazines, design approach, form and format, design elements, books -anatomy, page layout, cover design, design approach, magazines – classification, editorial plan, design approach, posters – Indian context, strengths and weaknesses, rules, creativity, design approach, direct pieces -letterheads, business cards, envelopes, brochure, booklet, souvenir items – calendars and diary, website – factors to consider, importance of a site map, content creation, coordination of work between various departments, selection of colour. advertising commercials, corporate and industrial films -Designing for advertising – use of appeal, creativity and strategy, Design approach – SHDA (Stop Hold Desire Act formula), design execution, scratch, storyboard and final presentation, design approach, job flow and coordination between various departments. 


This is a course that focuses on the levels of safety any engineered system must provide and how to ensure this. With topics such as Accident Causation, Hazards etc. you will gain an insight into the machinery used in many industries.

Course Summary: Introduction to Safety Engineering, Industrial Accidents, Theories of Accident Causation, Introduction to Health and Toxic Substances, Environmental Control and Noise, Ventilation and its Design Principle, Personal Protection and First Aid, Fire Protection, Machine Guarding, Safeguarding the point of operation, Power presses, Grinding machines, Saws, Belts and Pulleys, Safety consideration regarding material handling and storage. Safety Requirement for Material Handling and Storage, Electrical Hazards, Employee Participation in Promoting Safety, Safety Training, Safety Committees, Teamwork Approach to Promoting Safety.


For all those BME lovers, this course is an in-depth version of the chapter taught in the first year. The course is about the working of IC engines, or engines that generate motive power by burning fuels, and includes topics such as supercharging, end engine electronics.

Course Summary: Introduction to IC engine, Analysis of air standard cycles, fuel-air cycles and actual cycles. Modes of combustion, Stages of combustion in SI & CI engines, factors influencing the stages of combustion, normal and abnormal combustion, Control of abnormal combustion in SI and CI engines. Combustion chambers in SI and CI engines. Supercharging & Turbo-charging, Analysis of Modern developments in IC engines like Wankel engine, Electronic injection systems in SI engines. Common Rail Direct Injection (CRDI) engines, Multi-point fuel injection. (MPFI) engines, dual-fuel engines, and stratified charge engines. Introduction to engine Electronics, typical engine management systems, position, displacement and speed sensing, pressure, temperature and air measurement systems, exhaust oxygen sensors.


A course that blends mechanical and electrical engineering, backed with topics that use linear algebra, Mechatronics Systems would help build your knowledge in other fields.

Course Summary: Industrial feedback controllers, PID controllers, tuning methods, frequency response approach, computational optimization, modified PID scheme. Introduction to state-space analysis – state-space representations, eigen vectors and eigen values, transfer functions, state space modelling. Control system design in state space, solution of LTI state equation, controllability and observability, state feedback controllers, state observers Lyapunov stability analysis, quadratic optimal control. Types of nonlinearity, describing functions phase plane method, linearization techniques, MATLAB simulation, state-space modelling, feedback controllers, observers, regulator problems. 


Offered by the Physics department, this elective will help you gain an in-depth knowledge of the solid-state. Students would learn fundamental properties of solids, to the Drude-Lorentz and Sommerfield’s theories, and much more.

Course Summary: Review of Crystal structure: Lattice, basis and unit cell, crystal system, symmetry, crystal planes and miller indices, reciprocal lattice, Bragg’s law, experimental methods of x-ray diffraction, types of crystal binding, analysis of stress and strain in crystals.
Electrical conduction: Free electron gas model, Sommerfield quantum theory, Fermi energy, parameters of free electron gas at absolute zero, electrical conductivity, Drude-Lorentz theory and Sommerfield theory of electrical conductivity, Band theory of solids, electrical conduction in metals, insulators and semiconductors
Dielectrics: Static dielectric constant, polarization and polarizability, local field, ferro electricity, piezo electricity, frequency dependence of polarizability (electronic, ionic and dipolar), dielectric losses, requirements of insulating materials, applications of dielectric materials
Magnetism: Classification of magnetic materials, classical theory of diamagnetism and paramagnetism, Weiss theory of ferromagnetism, ferrites, hard and soft magnetic materials, garnets, magnetic bubbles, ceramic magnets, applications of magnetic materials.


Note: Course Summaries are taken from Academic Handbook and Professor names have been given by the respective departments. Any updates or changes will be made as and when more information is received.

—Written by Alankriti Singh and Naintara Singh for MTTN

—Featured Image by Chirag Bansal

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